Mendelssohn, Moses

► (1729-86) Filósofo alemán. Autor de Jerusalén, o sobre el poder religioso y el judaísmo (1783).

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orig. Moses ben Menachem

(26 sep. 1729, Dessau, Anhalt–4 ene. 1786, Berlín, Prusia).

Erudito y filósofo judío alemán. Hijo de un escribiente empobrecido, comenzó su carrera como tutor pero finalmente ganó fama por sus escritos filosóficos, los cuales influirían en los trascendentalistas estadounidenses del s. XIX. Combinó el judaísmo con el racionalismo de la Ilustración, transformándose en una de las principales figuras del Haskala, que contribuyó a que los judíos se integraran a la corriente principal de la cultura europea. Sus obras comprenden Fedón (1767), una defensa de la inmortalidad del alma, y Jerusalén (1783), sobre la relación entre la religión y el Estado. Su amigo Gotthold Lessing se basó en Mendelssohn para crear el protagonista de su celebrado drama Nathan el sabio. Fue abuelo del compositor Felix Mendelssohn.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • MENDELSSOHN, MOSES — (Moses ben Menahem, acronym RaMbeMaN, or Moses of Dessau; 1729–1786), philosopher of the German Enlightenment in the pre Kantian period, early Maskil, and a renowned Jewish figure in the 18th century. Born in Dessau, son of a Torah scribe,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mendelssohn,Moses — Mendelssohn, Moses. 1729 1786. German philosopher noted for his writings on the inborn ability of humans to recognize beauty, truth, and goodness. His influence and works aided the assimilation of Jews into German society. * * * …   Universalium

  • Mendelssohn, Moses — orig. Moses ben Menachem born Sept. 26, 1729, Dessau, Anhalt died Jan. 4, 1786, Berlin, Prussia German Jewish philosopher and scholar. The son of an impoverished scribe, he began his career as a tutor but eventually won fame for his philosophical …   Universalium

  • Mendelssohn, Moses — (1719–86)    Leader of Haskalah. The son of a Torah scribe in Dessau, Mendelssohn as a child suffered from curvature of the spine and a nervous disease. At the age of fourteen he followed his Hebrew teacher to Berlin. He became fluent in German,… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Mendelssohn, Moses — (1729–1786) The most influential German Jewish philosopher of the 18th century. Born in Dessau, Mendelssohn received a rabbinic education. He is mainly remembered for his work on aesthetics, which had some influence on Kant, although his proof of …   Philosophy dictionary

  • MENDELSSOHN, Moses — (1729 1786)    popular German JEWISH philosopher who defended the idea that it is possible to demonstrate both the EXISTENCE of GOD and the IMMORTALITY of the SOUL. He played a leading role in Jewish emancipation and German CULTURE and is often… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Mendelssohn, Moses — (1729 1986)    German philosopher. He was born in Dessau. He lived in Berlin, where he studied philosophy, mathematics, Latin, French and English, and became a partner in a silk factory. In 1754 with the help of Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, he began …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Mendelssohn, Moses — See Aufklärung (The German) and British philosophy and Leibniz ( …   History of philosophy

  • MENDELSSOHN, MOSES —    a German philosopher, born at Dessau, of Jewish descent, a zealous monotheist, and wrote against Spinoza; was author of the Phædon, a Discourse on the Immortality of the Soul, and did a great deal in his day to do away with the prejudices of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Mendelssohn — Mendelssohn, Moses …   Philosophy dictionary

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